April 25, 2014

Do John Schools Really Decrease Recidivism? A methodological critique of an evaluation of the San Francisco First Offender Prostitution Program

A growing number of governments are creating “john schools” in the belief that providing men with information about prostitution will stop them from buying sex, which will in turn stop prostitution and trafficking. John schools typically offer men arrested for soliciting paid sex the opportunity (for a fee) to attend lectures by health experts, law [Read More...]

Protecting “Children” in Southern Benin? Anti-Trafficking Policy in Need of Politics and Participation

Neil Howard follows Issue Paper 5 on children and adolescents with an important story about the failures of the international child protection establishment to adequately protect the teenage labour migrants it defines as trafficked in Benin. *** Introduction and Research Context Child trafficking began to emerge as a ‘problem issue’ in Benin at the start [Read More...]

Review of Prabha Kotiswaran’s “Dangerous Sex, Invisible Labor: Sex Work and the Law in India”

Gloria Steinem, founder of Ms Magazine and a veteran of the U.S. feminist movement, during her recent trip to India expressed her strong concern over the ‘global epidemic of trafficking’ and mentioned that Indian sex workers are the most exploited and underprivileged group in the country. She calls prostitution as “bodily invasion” and conflates prostitution [Read More...]

Issue Paper 5: Children, Adolescents and Human Trafficking: Making sense of a complex problem

This Issue Paper presents current knowledge about the scope and meaning of child trafficking. Although it might seem to be a simple subject to describe, it is not. First, there is the question of what a ‘child’ is. The international definition in the Convention on the Rights of the Child defines a ‘child’ as a [Read More...]

ISSUE PAPER 4: The Swedish Law to Criminalize Clients: A failed experiment in social engineering

In 1999, the Swedish government embarked on an experiment in social engineering to end men’s practice of purchasing commercial sexual services. The government enacted a new law criminalizing the purchase (but not the sale) of sex (Swedish Penal Code). It hoped that the fear of arrest and increased public stigma would convince men to change [Read More...]

Human Trafficking for Organ Removal: Evidence from Egypt by Debra Budiani-Saberi

Human trafficking for organ removal (HTOR) occurs across the globe and constitutes egregious human rights abuses. The crime is included in the UN Trafficking Protocol and is the subject of the 2008 Istanbul Declaration on Organ Trafficking and Transplant Tourism.  In a recent report, Sudanese Victims of Organ Trafficking in Egypt, the Coalition for Organ-Failure [Read More...]

Trafficked Victims or Labor Migrants? The Indentured Mobility of Filipina Hostess Workers in Japan – Kimberly Kay Hoang reviews Rhacel Parrenas’ new book: Illicit Flirtations: Labor, Migration, and Sex Trafficking in Tokyo

In her book Illicit Flirtations, Rhacel Parrenas provides us with cutting edge, systematic, and empirical research on Filipina migrant hostesses— the women the U.S. government called the largest group of “trafficked” persons in the world in its 2004 and 2005 Trafficking in Persons Reports. Illicit Flirtations challenges this simplistic long-distance assessment.  It presents the nuances, [Read More...]

Coerced Victims or Exploited Workers?: Prabha Kotiswaran reviews Pardis Mahdavi’s new book Gridlock: Labor, Migration, and Human Trafficking in Dubai

Mahdavi’s book Gridlock offers a fascinating report of the negative consequences in the Middle-East, specifically in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Dubai as a result of the impact of the UN Trafficking Protocol[i] and the U.S. anti-trafficking law[ii]. Mahdavi focuses an invisible group of the Emirates’ inhabitants, namely, its migrant workers, ranging from domestic [Read More...]

Lack of Transparency in Recruitment Spurs Trafficking, by Cathleen Caron

Labor migration schemes around the world are typically created to fit the needs of employers, and rarely support and protect the rights of the migrant workers. In my article, “Why Transparency in the Recruiter Supply Chain is Important in the Effort to Reduce Exploitation of H-2 Workers,” I propose one means to reduce worker vulnerability [Read More...]

Addressing the Demand Side of Trafficking, by Phil Marshall

This paper briefly raises some issues around the demand side of trafficking, initially focusing on demand relating to exploitative labour practices and then discussing issues around demand contributing to exploitation for sexual purposes. It is very much an opinion piece, intended to promote discussion. The demand side of trafficking has started to attract more attention [Read More...]